Complementary and Social Currencies

Towards Monetary Pluralism

Dec 4, 2013


This event explores the historical and contemporary evolution and function of complementary and social currencies, and their political and economic implications. Questions to be addressed include:

What are complementary and social currencies?

How do complementary and social currencies differ in design and function?

What are the strengths and weaknesses of complementary and social currencies vis-a-vis state currencies and financial markets?

How have complementary and social currencies been used to achieve different political and economic objectives?


Bernard Lietaer
Research Fellow
Center for Sustainable Resources of the University of California at Berkeley.
Mark Peacock
Associate Professor
Department of Social Sciences at York University
Mathew Forstater
Professor of Economics
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Josh Ryan-Collins
New Economics Foundation
Keith Hart
Centennial Professor of Economic Anthropology
Departments of International Development and Anthropology, London School of Economics and Political Science

Core Resources

Money Diversity

Lietaer, Bernard Money Diversity., 2011.

Taxation And Primitive Accumulation: The Case Of Colonial Africa

Forstater, Mathew. “Taxation and Primitive Accumulation: The Case of Colonial Africa.” (2005).

 RiPE Forstater.pdf

Lessons In Monetary Theory From Complementary Currencies

Ryan-Collins, Josh. “Lessons in Monetary Theory from Complementary Currencies.” (2011).

Building Local Resilience: The Emergence Of The UK Transition Currencies

Ryan-Collins, Josh. “Building Local Resilience: The Emergence of the UK Transition Currencies.” (2011).

The Future Of Money

Lietaer, Bernard The Future of Money., 2011.


Community Currencies – A General View

Fullwiler, Scott T. Community Currencies – A General View., 2013.

Background Materials

Bitcoin Isn’t Money-It’s The Internet Of Money

Dourado, Eli Bitcoin isn’t Money-It’s the Internet of Money., 2014.

The Paper Chase

Trump, Rob. “The Paper Chase.” (2014).